Although President Donald Trump has banned skilled foreign workers entering the country until at least the end of 2020 due to COVID-2019, the United States remains a desirable place for IT specialists from all around the world.
ITShifting.com has analyzed more than 100,000 IT job listings on Glassdoor.com to find out hiring trends to watch for in 2020 in the American tech job market. The analysis includes data for 33 IT occupations in the 25 largest US cities and surrounding towns.
Most popular IT jobs in the US
Overall, software engineers, data analysts, systems engineers, web developers, and Java developers are among the most popular IT occupations in the United States, with software engineers being far ahead of the rest.
Top 10 IT jobs in the United States
1. Software engineer
2. Data analyst
3. Systems engineer
4. Web developer
5. Java developer
6. Systems analyst
7. Solutions architect
8. Data scientist
9. UX designer
10. Application developer
Across the top 25 largest cities, software engineers and data analysts make the top two positions in most locations.
Unlike data analysts, data scientists make the top 5 jobs only in four cities: New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Seattle — all of them being among the largest IT markets in the United States and the world.
Some IT jobs entered the top 5 city rankings only once in a specific location. For example, database administrators (DBAs) are among the top 5 occupations in El Paso, .NET developers in Jacksonville, scrum masters in Nashville, and technical writers in San Diego.
Average IT salary in the US
Actual salaries are rarely indicated in job listings in the United States. However, Glassdoor gives an estimate of the base salary range for jobs by looking at job-specific and company-specific attributes and other public and private data.
According to estimated salaries in the dataset collected by ITShifting.com, the average remuneration for IT occupations in the United States stands at $91,800 per year. (This is the arithmetic mean or the sum of all the salaries in the set divided by the number of salaries).
Additionally, 25% of the IT salaries in the US are $69,500 or lower, 75% are $111,000 or lower, and the median salary stands at $87,500 per year, marking the middle point (50%) of a salary set.
- Average salary: $91,800
- 25th quartile: $69,500
- 50th quartile: $87,500
- 75th quartile: $111,000
US cities with the highest IT salaries
Average IT salaries vary dramatically across the top 25 largest cities. The general (and quite obvious) trend is the following: the larger and more developed the IT job market is, the higher the IT salaries in the city are, regardless of the city’s size and population.
In three cities — San Francisco, San Jose, and Seattle — the average IT salary surpasses the $100,000 mark. The average annual pay for IT workers stands at $122,800 in San Francisco, $115,600 in San Jose, and $105,100 in Seattle.
Jacksonville, San Antonio, Nashville, Indianapolis, and El Paso offer the lowest IT salaries among the largest cities. El Paso hits rock bottom in terms of the average remuneration for tech workers — $65,500 per year or almost two times lower than in San Francisco. This city in the far western part of Texas also offers the fewest number of IT job listings among 25 locations.
Highest-paying IT jobs
The top three most highly-paying tech occupations in the United States are architects: cloud architects, solution architects, and network architects. Their average salary surpasses $100,000 per year. As opposed to developers who mostly execute tasks, tech architects set standards and make high-level design choices.
Other IT occupations whose average salaries are $100,000 or higher include engineers, namely cloud engineers, site reliability engineers, software engineers, and DevOps engineers. Like architects, engineers also design and plan while being aware of the “big picture”. Apart from architects and engineers, salaries in the range of $100,000+ are also offered to data scientists and scrum masters.
Salaries in the lower range ($80,000 per year or less) are offered to systems analysts, data analysts, technical writers, and technical support specialists.
If you’re a site reliability engineer, software engineer, or data scientist, you can take your chances in getting the highest salary offer in San Francisco. The average salary in this city stands at $141,700 for site reliability engineers, $135,000 for software engineers, or $128,000 for data scientists.
If you’re a cloud architect or UX designer, you can count on higher remuneration in San Jose, where the average pay for these occupations stands at a whopping $186,000 and $129,800, respectively.
Finally, if you’re a Java developer, you can choose to relocate to Los Angeles and hope for $120,700 per year.
Companies offering the highest salaries
Companies offering the highest remuneration to IT specialists in the United States are Cesna (a recruiting service), Align (an IT services company), and Resolute Technologies (an engineering consultant). Their average salary offers surpass $250,000 per year. Eighteen more companies offer salaries that average at $200,000 per year or higher.
Popular hard and soft skills
Other popular hard skills (frameworks, markup and query languages, platforms, tools, etc.) include SQL, AWS, Azure, Excel, CSS, HTML, Oracle, and Docker.
The rarest technologies (each having no more than one mention in all analyzed job listings) are AppleScript, CIL, Cuneiform, Euler, JASS, Dylan, Halide, JOVIAL, Kaleidoscope, Lava, Máni, MPL, Nu, Phalcon, PureScript, SASL, Squirrel, and TTM.
As to soft skills (or personality traits), the most commonly mentioned ones include “leadership”, “collaborative”, “problem solving”, “flexibility”, “accuracy”, “energy”, “teamwork”, “respect”, “creativity”, and “productivity”.
In other words, US employers tend to appreciate the ability to work in a team and solve problems, be collaborative, flexible, and respectful. At the same time, job candidates need to be creative, productive, and full of energy.
Least frequent soft skills include “conflict management”, “quick thinking”, “growth mindset”, “open-mindedness”, “attentiveness”, and “attention to detail”.
Setting aside the situation with the ban on visas for skilled workers, the IT jobs market in the United States remains highly attractive. When the world finally returns to normal, you may want to consider this country for relocation.
The key takeaway points are set out below:
- The most popular IT occupations in the United States are software engineers, data analysts, systems engineers, web developers, and Java developers.
- The average IT salary in the United States is $91,800, and the median remuneration stands at $87,500 per year.
- San Francisco, San Jose, and Seattle are the cities with the highest IT salaries in the United States.
- Cloud architects, solution architects, and network architects are the highest-paying IT jobs in the country.
- Companies offering the highest remuneration to IT specialists in the United States are Cesna, Align, and Resolute Technologies. Their average salary offers surpass $250,000 per year.
- Other popular hard skills include SQL, AWS, Azure, Excel, CSS, HTML, Oracle, and Docker.
- The most commonly mentioned soft skills include “leadership”, “collaborative”, “problem solving”, “flexibility”, “accuracy”, “energy”, “teamwork”, “respect”, “creativity”, and “productivity”.
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